In 1994 Middelburg and Mhluzi, as well as Hendrina and Kwazamokuhle amalgamated to form the Transitional Local Councils
In 2001, a new dispensation for Local Government came into being, whereby the country was demarcated so that every piece of land fell within the jurisdiction of a municipality. The number of local governments were also reduced and the Transitional Local Councils of Middelburg and Hendrina, as well as some smaller towns, were amalgamated. A new municipality was formed, namely Steve Tshwete Local Municipality. The municipal area covers approximately 3993 square kilometers and includes the following towns:
This is a category B municipality comprising of 58 councillors of whom 29 are ward representatives and 29 proportional representatives. The executive Mayor assisted by 6 members of the Mayoral Committee, the Speaker and the Chief Whip heads the municipality. The Municipal Manager heads the administration.